Auto Glass is the class of glass plate used in vehicles, as depicted by the name “Auto Glass''. Most people confuse Auto Glass with the common glass. The common glass is the single sheet of glass with no preventive measures in case of breakage. If a common glass breaks, all the people in the range can get injured due to the sharp and pointy edges of the shattered glass. The Auto Glass comes with special preventive measures. In case of any accident or collision, the auto glass is made to break into little round sand like pieces. It is made as such to save the driver and the passengers from lethal injuries. The tiny, round pieces don’t scratch your skin and saves your skin from cuts.
The auto glass is particularly important, as it enables the driver to view the road and the surrounding of the vehicle. Auto Glass along with making the look of the vehicle aesthetic, also supplies structural support to the car's framework in case of a roll over. Besides these functions, auto glass is also connecting many electrical systems of the car, such as defrost system of vehicle. There is no technology, till now, that can make possible for a vehicle to function without the auto glass. All these important functionalities call for the need of careful making of auto glass, but how is auto glass made? Here is a brief summary of how an auto glass is made. The auto glass production consists of the following stages.
Auto glass is made of several raw materials. The glass is made by the fusion of different oxides. The oxides are made to fuse together by heating. The main raw material needed for manufacture of auto glass is as following
In the end all these above ingredients a are mixed with specified quantity of water and then heated.
The above mixture is sent for processing in the specified quantity. The process is known as the float process. As the name suggests, the glass literally floats over the bed of molten metal. The glass forms itself into the sheets of uniform thickness. The glass floats like it is moving on a conveyor belt. The temperature at the opening is about 1000°C, this high temperature cleans the glass of impurities that might be present. The temperature at the ending is 600 °C, this lowering of temperature helps glass to harden and move to the next stage.
After float chamber, the solar coatings are applied to the glass to protect the heat from entering the car. It also prevents the warmth of the car from escaping the car in winters. Then the glass enters the furnace called “Lehr”, where the glass leaves at 200 °C, before coming to room temperature. After going through Lehr, the glass is ready to be cut into different shapes.
After the cooling of the glass, it is cut into desired shape and size according to the frame size of the vehicle. The glass sheets are cut using a diamond scribe and then the glass piece is snapped from the sheet. The snapped glass is then placed into a mold, where it is heated until the glass takes the shape of the mold with uniform thickness.
After the glass has taken the shape of the mold, the glass is tempered to provide it with special strength. This additional strength is provided to the glass to withstand extreme pressures and shear stress it faces through the years.
The glass is tempered by heating it and the quickly exposing it to old environment. This applies shear stress to the outer surface of the glass and tension inside. This process makes the glass, if it breaks, to break into small round pieces and doesn’t injure the people inside.
Then the process moves towards laminating the glass. In the laminating process two sheets of glass are bonded with a layer of plastic in between them. The process takes place in the autoclave. In autoclave this combination of glass and plastic sheet takes place in high temperatures. The high temperature makes the combination of glass and plastic sheets bind together as one.
The lamination of the glass makes it resilient to tearing. The lamination offers increased protection as it will make the glass adhere to the plastic sheet even when it's broken. If there will be no lamination the glass will shatter if any rock or debris hits the screen and would also irritate you. This makes it impossible even to drive to the repair shop.
After the lamination, glass goes through the final step, which is the assembly of the glass with the
vehicle’s framework. In the assembly unit the glass is carefully placed in the vehicle’s framework.
The laminated glass is used for only the windshield of the vehicle, rest of the auto glass are all tempered glass. There is a huge difference between both kinds of auto glass. The laminated glass protects the glass from shattering under the effect of shear force, such as rocks hitting windshield. Whereas, the tempered glass shatters in thousands of tiny, round shaped sand like pieces, that do not cause much injuries.
Laminated glass is a combination of two sheets of glasses packing a thin layer of plastic in between. The laminated glass sticks to the thin layer of plastic and does not shatter under the effect of force. This nonshattering property of laminated glass makes it favorable to be used as a windshield.
Tempered glass is the product of heating and then introducing to the cold environment. This makes the glass able to withstand more pressure and shear stress. The tempered glass shatters in case you meet an accident. This shattering of the glass, seemingly disastrous, is a safety procedure as the glass is divided into tiny round pieces. This shattering into tiny round pieces, makes it immune to causing cuts to or hurting the driver and passengers.
Auto Glass consists of a wide variety of glass for every place of vehicle. The auto glass includes the following:
These types or places of glass cover all the places in the framework of the vehicle’s earmarked for the auto glass.
The windshield or windscreen of the vehicle is the auto glass placed at the front of the vehicle. The windscreen offers the view of the road to the driver. Apart from adding on to the aesthetics of the vehicle, windscreen offers structural support to the vehicle’s framework. Windscreen is of paramount importance in the safety of vehicle. The windscreen is made of laminated glass, that provides additional safety to the driver and the passengers.
Most of the auto glass repair and replacement, in Houston or surrounding areas, are related to the windshield of the vehicle. Even if you drive your vehicle carefully, your vehicle’s windshield can be damaged in a number of ways. The most common windshield problems are as following:
Rock chips are the cracks caused on the windscreen of a vehicle as a result of the rocks or debris hitting your windscreen. There are four major types of rock chips:
The repair or replacement of windshield is particularly important as it directly affects the visibility of the driver. Windshield repair and replacement is not something that common folks can do on their own. Most of the common folks need to consult a windshield repair and replacement expert in such cases. Any repair and replacement service will first need to determine whether your vehicle needs a repair or replacement. If the cracks are deep and repair is not possible then you need to have your windshield replaced. There are following steps to get your windshield replaced
Rear screen is the auto glass at the back of the vehicle. The rear screen of the vehicle is made up of tempered glass. The tempered glass shatters into thousands of tiny, round sand like pieces. This shattering into round pieces of rear screen protects the people inside the car from injuries. Unlike the windshield the rear screen cannot be repaired, it has to be replaced every time it is damaged. The rock chips or other damages are not limited to the windshield, your rear screen can also face these damages. The major damage to the rear screen is caused by numerous factors, weather being the major one. The repair and replacement process of the rear screen goes as follows:
The auto glass at the top of the vehicle is either sunroof or moonroof according to their working. Sunroof and moonroof are often used interchangeably, however the two are not the same. The sun roof of the vehicle is to provide the path for sunlight or wind or both to flow inside the vehicle. The sun roof can be opened in a or closed. Whereas, the moon roof is usually tinted to stop the sunlight from entering the vehicle. Moreover, the moon roof is usually static and cannot open but the cover for moonroof can open or close. The sunroof of your car can get damaged due to hair storms or the rubbers can loosen. It is necessary to consult your repairman immediately, as the damaged sunroof can leak and damage the vehicle's interior.
The vent glass is the auto glass placed at the front (left and right) and rear (left and right) sides. The vent glasses were introduced to let the cool air in and out of the vehicle. Nowadays, the vent glass does not serve the same purpose as before. If the vent glass doesn’t open or close, it is known as quarter glass. The air conditioners in vehicles have eliminated the need for vent glass in the vehicles.
The vent glass in the modern vehicle allows the driver to get a broader vision of the road and surroundings. Another purpose that vent glasses serve is that it allows the side glasses to slide lower than they can without vent glass. The vent glass or quarter glass, though small in size, is not easy to repair or replace. One must consult the experts, as the damaged or broken vent or quarter glass is ideal for break-ins.
Side glass or windows of the vehicle are another very important auto glass in every vehicle. The primary function of side glasses or windows is to let the fresh air into the vehicle. Door Glass is made of tempered glass and hence shatter on collision or in case of accident. The broken window puts your car on the weather’s mercy and also the broken window exposes your vehicle’s interior to theft. It is recommended to replace the broken window as soon as possible..
We, at Blue diamond Auto Glass are always glass to help you out in problems regarding your vehicle’s auto glass. Blue Diamonds auto glass repair and replacement service offers you the best quality of service at competitive prices. Blue Diamonds operate in the Houston area and the cities surrounding Houston, such as Katy, Woodlands, Cypress, Brookshire, Rosenberg, etc. we have both Drive-Ins and onsite replacement service. Our Drive-Ins are located at different places around the state of Texas. We also have specialized on-site repair and replacement units, with certified experts. At Blue Diamond Auto Glass Repair and Replacement, we are always ready to assist you in your time of need. Avail our services now!
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